Standard Requirements for Eye Wash Stations and Showers

Aug. 13, 2021

When any person's eyes or body may be exposed to a hazardous corrosive substance, suitable facilities shall be provided in the work area for the rapid flushing or rinsing of the eyes and body for immediate emergency use" [29 CFR 1910.151(c)].


Fortunately, the ANSI Z358.1 American National Standard for Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment provides guidance for the installation and maintenance of eyewash and drench stations. The standard is not incorporated into OSHA regulations, but OSHA has cited it in several letters of interpretation as an accepted best practice.

 Safety Showers and Eyewash Stations

  Safety Showers and Eyewash Stations


Eye injuries can occur in many different locations, including


Production lines

Fluid dispensing and waste collection areas

Dipping tanks

Paint spray booths

Dusty areas

Battery charging area



ANSI recommends placing safety showers and eyewash stations no more than 10 seconds (approximately 55 feet) from potential sources of injury. They also recommend that stations and showers be well lit or otherwise identified so that they can be easily located. The path to the station or shower must be well lit so that they can be easily located.

 Eyewash And Shower

 Eyewash And Shower

The eyewash station is the last line of defense. Being able to get to the eyewash station quickly and knowing how to operate it are two important first aid elements. Employees also need to know what to do once they get to the eyewash station.


ANSI recommends placing eyewash and shower station no more than 10 seconds (approximately 55 feet) from potential sources of injury. They also recommend that stations and eyewash safety showers be well lit or otherwise identified so that they can be easily located. The path to the safety showers and eyewash stations must be well lit so that they can be easily located.



The two basic types of eye wash stations and showers are plumbed and freestanding. Each type has variations that allow for heating, cooling and enclosing the station. In addition, a combination unit that includes a drench shower and an eyewash station can be used in areas where eye and body damage may occur.


Plumbing stations can be installed in areas where a reliable water source is available. The temperature and pressure should be adjusted to ensure that they do not cause further injury during use.


Stand-alone stations contain buffered or otherwise preserved water solutions that can be placed in areas where plumbing fixtures are not practical. Like plumbing stations, water temperature should be considered. Many manufacturers offer heating and cooling blankets for stand-alone stations.

Combination Shower & Eye Wash Wjh1110

Combination Shower & Eye Wash Wjh1110

RWD safety showers and eyewash stations adopt the new patented eye wash spray head.The outlet water flow of the eye wash spray head is controlled by the flow regulation structure inside the spray head,it has been debugged and corrected before leaving the factory. If the water pressure on site changes, it can be adjusted by itself.


Time and Temperature

A general rule of thumb is that affected eyes or body parts should be flushed with warm water (60-100°F) for 15 to 20 minutes. Water hotter than this can cause burns, while water that is too cold can cause hypothermia and prevent the victim from flushing for as long as possible. Tempering devices can be used in plumbing and stand-alone stations to keep the water or flushing solution at the desired temperature. RWD eye wash has the function of manual emptying and anti-freezing. It is suitable for use in areas where the temperature is below 0°C and in environments with hot water supply. 


Maintenance and Inspection

Like all safety equipment, eyewash stations and showers need to be in good working order. Dust and debris should be removed regularly, and the path to the eyewash should be inspected for obstructions that would prevent its use.


Plumbing stations should be started and flushed weekly to verify that they are still operational. The stand-alone unit should be visually inspected to ensure that the level is still adequate and the buffer solution is still good. The average solution life of an additive is three to six months, with up to two years for factory-sealed eyewash cartridges. In addition to weekly checks, stations should be inspected annually to ensure that valves, flow patterns, heights and other installation features are still correct.


When something is in your eyes or on your skin, every second counts. When in the correct location and working properly, eyewash stations and drench showers can help minimize injuries by quickly drenching the affected area and removing contaminants.

RWD is one of the largest domestic laboratory and safety equipment manufacturers with a long history. Focus on the worktop, laboratory faucets, gas valve, fume extractor, pegboard, PP sink, Emergency shower and eye wash series products research & development and production, involving areas such as education, scientific research, pharmaceutical, medical, chemical, petrochemical, electronics, metallurgy, machinery, etc. Welcome to contact us today or visit our website to learn more about emergency eyewash and shower station.

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